Know About Erectile Dysfunction, Its Causes And Medications Available

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a sexual dysfunction that occurs in men and is characterized by the difficulty to develop and retain the penile erection hard enough to engage in sexual intercourse. If untreated, this condition can cause stress and affects the self confidence and sexual life of the person. ED is also called as impotence and it can be a sign of a few underlying health problems. If you are suffering from erectile dysfunction talk to your doctor and get the right advice or medications to treat the problem.


Erectile dysfunction is a common problem in men affecting about 40 % of men in the world. The symptoms of this problem include constant:

  • Difficulty in getting penile erection
  • Difficulty in maintaining the erection
  • Decrease in sexual desire

Erection of the penis is caused by the retention of blood in the in the special tissues in the penis. Blood flow to the penis increases when a person is aroused by sexual thoughts or by touch. The risk of developing ED increases with the increase in the age of the person.

Causes of ED

In men sexual arousal occurs with the involvement of the brain, nerves, hormones, muscles, blood vessels, etc. Any problem in any of these and stress and health conditions can cause or increase ED. The causes of ED can be classified into physical causes and psychological causes

The physical causes include:

  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Increased cholesterol level
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Obesity, diabetes
  • Use of tobacco
  • Use of certain medications
  • Alcoholism
  • Injuries

The important psychological factors are:

  • Mental depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Other mental health problems

Depending on whether the patient has had an erection ever, the cause of the problem can be distinguished. If the patient is having the erection sometimes, the reason could be psychological and if the person is never having an erection it is mostly physiological.


Erectile dysfunction if not treated for long time can result in certain complications such as:

  • Disability to have a family life
  • Continuous stress or anxiety
  • Low self confidence
  • Reduced interest in sexual activities


When you consult your doctor for erectile dysfunction, they will ensure that you are not having any health conditions that are causing the problem and if there is any health problem, you are receiving the right treatment for it. The treatment for erectile dysfunction depends on the cause and how severe the problem is. Your doctor may even prescribe oral medications to treat the problem. The common oral medications for this problem include Vardenafil (Levitra), Tadalafil (Cialis) Sildenafil (Viagra) etc. These medications enhance the production of the chemical that relaxes the muscles and causes increased blood flow to the penis. This will help the person to get an erection when sexually aroused. There are a few minor side effects associated with these medications and hence it is important that you talk to your doctor about the right medication and dosage.

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